What is Auditorium ?

What is Auditorium ?

The auditorium word comes from Latin origin and means hearing. It was named as the name of the large area where the people gathered in order to listen to the scholars in Ancient Rome. The auditorium literally dates back to ancient times; it is a large hall where events such as conferences, seminars, concerts or theater shows are organized. In terms of architectural structure, the auditorium is divided into two stages: stage and audience section. With the intent of seeing stage better for audiences, the auditoriums are constructed in an inclined manner by lowering towards the stage. There are lighting systems on the walls to illuminate the stage environment and a large number of sound devices for transmitting the sound on the stage to the entire hall.

Structurel Charactheristics of Auditorium

Today, the auditoriums vary in terms of hall design. The auditorium can be chosen in accordance with the activity to be staged. The most important reason for this is to ensure that the audience gets the best view and sensation from the performances that will take place. Audience can see the stage easily, the sound of the stage to the person at the furthest of the hall and provide comfortable seat session are the issues that are considered in the design of the auditorium. In terms of design, the auditoriums have four different design forms: fan-shaped, horseshoe-shaped, rectangular and irregular.

  • Horseshoe-shaped halls are generally preferred for opera and theater performances.
  • Fan-shaped halls are generally suitable for conference, seminar-style conversations.
  • Rectangular halls are chosen for concerts and musical performances rather than play performances.
  • Irregular halls may be suitable for all shows if the sound system and other stage decorations are in place.

Historical Background of Auditorium

The historical background of modern auditoriums are based to BC 550 years. The theater, which emerged in the ancient Greek city, where artistic elements were developed, was exhibited in areas called auditoriums. These structures consist of three parts: the orchestra, theatron and the skene. The section called the orchestra is a circle or semicircle in the form of a large area including the sanhena and the audience. Theatron section is where the audience of stones sit and watch the show. Finally, skene means the area where the performers perform their performances. Skene is also the place where the audience can’t see it, the actors are dressed in costumes and the scenery is hidden.

What is Auditorium used for ?

Today, auditoriums are used for multiple purposes. The auditorium, which serves many scientific interviews and artistic performances, has the following general uses:

  • Organizing conferences, interviews or seminars
  • Performing opera, musical or dramatic theater plays
  • Organizing award ceremonies for a wide audience
  • Performing dance performances
  • Organization of various competitions
  • Performing of orchestra concerts, music groups performances
  • Year-end activities or graduation ceremonies of schools
  • The auditorium is used in cases where scientists, painters, professors and artists meet people. There are many modernly designed auditoriums in our country. Erzurum Atatürk University Auditorium Hall is one of the best examples of this.