The auditorium word comes from Latin origin and means hearing. It was named as the name of the large area where the people gathered in order to listen to the scholars in Ancient Rome. The auditorium literally dates back to ancient times; it is a large hall where events such as conferences, seminars, concerts or theater shows are organized. In terms of architectural structure, the auditorium is divided into two stages: stage and audience section. With the intent of seeing stage better for audiences, the auditoriums are constructed in an inclined manner by lowering towards the stage. There are lighting systems on the walls to illuminate the stage environment and a large number of sound devices for transmitting the sound on the stage to the entire hall.
Today, the auditoriums vary in terms of hall design. The auditorium can be chosen in accordance with the activity to be staged. The most important reason for this is to ensure that the audience gets the best view and sensation from the performances that will take place. Audience can see the stage easily, the sound of the stage to the person at the furthest of the hall and provide comfortable seat session are the issues that are considered in the design of the auditorium. In terms of design, the auditoriums have four different design forms: fan-shaped, horseshoe-shaped, rectangular and irregular.
The historical background of modern auditoriums are based to BC 550 years. The theater, which emerged in the ancient Greek city, where artistic elements were developed, was exhibited in areas called auditoriums. These structures consist of three parts: the orchestra, theatron and the skene. The section called the orchestra is a circle or semicircle in the form of a large area including the sanhena and the audience. Theatron section is where the audience of stones sit and watch the show. Finally, skene means the area where the performers perform their performances. Skene is also the place where the audience can’t see it, the actors are dressed in costumes and the scenery is hidden.
Today, auditoriums are used for multiple purposes. The auditorium, which serves many scientific interviews and artistic performances, has the following general uses: